On October 27th 2004 scientists have found skeletons of humans that grew no larger than a three year old modern child.
They are, according to the scientist , completely new to science. They are named Homo Floresiensis, after the island on which they were found.
One of the skeletons, that of a woman, is believed to be only 1 metre (3.3 feet ) tall weighed about 25 kilograms (55 pounds ) and was around 30 years old. Her skull was the same size as a grapefuit.
These skeletons are 18,000 years old.
They are calling them the Hobbits.
These bones were found in a cave on Flores, an island east of Bali and midway between Asia and Australia.
Also on this island the bones of some animals were found. The komodo dragon, pygmy elephants, giant rodents and lizards that grew up to 10 feet. (3 meters ) tall.
Some of these animals still live today.
The researchers estimate that the tiny people lived on Flores from about 95,000 years until at least 18,000 years ago.
The scientist base their theory on charred bones and tools found on the island. The blades,perforaters, points and other cutting tools were apparently used to hunt big game.